Course Overview: What is softball?

Softball is a bat-and-ball sport, played between 2 teams of 9 players. It is a high-tempo, low-scoring game. It is generally played outdoors on a diamondshaped field made up of a home-plate and three bases.

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Lesson Plan Softball Topic: Fielding

Objectives:    -Demonstrate the proper set position for infielders and outfielders.
-Demonstrate two techniques of lateral movement.
-Demonstrate proper fielding technique for ground balls.
-Demonstrate proper catching technique for fly balls.

Materials: 30 softballs, 6 bats, glove for each.
Safety implications: Make sure field is dry and free of hazards, groups are spread far enough
apart to prevent collisions with other students or fly balls.
Number of students: 30
Time: 45 minute
Teaching style: Practice style

 Activity Variations     Safety Implications Time Goals/Objectives    Important Points
Warm-up:1)Do jumping jacks and  stretches.
2)Toss softball with partner.
1)Have a student lead the jumping jacks and stretches.
2)Throw ground balls and fly balls to partner.
1)Ensure that student is doing the stretching properly.
2)Ensure students are spaced out around the field to avoid collisions 5 min.
1)Get everyone active and warmed up.
2)Observe what skill level students are at with respect to fielding ground balls and catching fly balls.
1)Make sure everyone is aware of what the lesson is about.
1)Practising the set position for the infield and outfield.
1)Have students work alone, then work in groups of two.
1)Ensure students are spaced out around the field to avoid collisions. 5 min.
1)Make sure everyone is familiar with the body position, weight distribution and hand position.
1)Peer teaching.
1)Practising the lateral movements
1)Once both movements have been taught, have a student demonstrate and then lead class into each movement       (i.e.follow the leader).
1)Ensure students are spaced out around the field to avoid collisions. 7 min.
1)Let students know how to move quickly and efficiently around the entire field.
1)Side Shuffle and Cross Step.
2)Allowing students to demonstrate their abilities in front of the class.
1)In groups of two, teach and practice technique for fielding ground balls.
1)Have partner throw ground ball to fielder that practices both lateral movements.
1)Ensure students are spaced out around the field to avoid collisions.
2)One ball per group.
3)Throw ball slowly. 12 min.
1)Students must demonstrate proper technique for fielding ground balls while incorporating lateral movements.
1)Students know when to use what lateral movement.
2)Proper technique.
1)6 groups of 5 must practice the proper technique for fielding fly balls.  One softball per group.
1)Start with one student throwing fly balls to fellow partners.  Then switch to using a bat.  Take turns with bat.
1)Ensure students are spaced out around the field to avoid collisions.
2)One ball per group.
3)Don�t hit ball too high or too hard.
4)Keep eye on ball. 12 min.
1)Students must demonstrate proper technique for fielding fly balls.
1)Get under the ball.
2)Protect face.
3)Students show proper form.
1) Conclusion 1)Scrimmage 1)Keep eye on ball 4 min. 1)Review key points. 1)Learned

            Lesson Plan Softball Topic: Base Running

Objectives:    -Demonstrate the proper technique of leaving the batter�s box.
Demonstrate the running to first base on a ball hit to the infield.
Demonstrate making a turn at a base.
Demonstrate the two basic start techniques from a base.
Materials: 6 bats, 12 bases
Safety Implications: Make sure the field is dry and free of hazards.
Number of students: 30
Time: 45 minutes
Teaching style: Practice style

Activity  Variations     Safety Implications Time Goals/Objectives    Important Pts.
Warm-up: Relay race passing bean bag between partners of the groups. Two groups. Use lots of space. Imporves balance and coordination. Not a race.
Demonstration and activity 1: Leaving the batter�s box and heading to first. Show how it is done properly. Then get students to practice in groups. Add the bat so students can practice dropping the bat in the proper place. Speed at which runner heads to first. Make sure that there are no students nearby when the bat is being dropped.)Make sure there is a clear path from one base to the next. 8 min. Get students to realize that momentum is key to getting to first base quicker. Running to first base and the procedures (i.e. running through first base). First step is with the foot that is farthest from the pitcher.
Stride naturally towards first base.
Activity 2: Turning a base.  Have students start from home plate and continue on to second base. Have students time runner. Have groups throughout field. Could run from second base to home plate. Make sure there is a clear path from one base to the next. 8 min. Get students to realize that making a big loop when rounding a base is only going to take them longer to reach the next base. Students learn proper way to run the bases. Leaning into the base. Touching base with the left foot. Step on the inside corner of the base. Maintain even stride.
Activity 3: Starting from a base. Students will learn the rolling start and the track start. Group work.
Make sure there is a clear path from one base to the next. 8 min. Students must learn the two types of methods used when starting from a base. Students can choose the one most comfortable. Don�t leave the bag too early. Make sure you are always in contact with the base.
Conclusion   6 min. Review what was learned. Ask students for feedback. Get students to recall important features of base running.
Scrimmage  Batting helmets 15 min. View for improvement.

              Lesson Plan Softball Topic: Pitching

Objective: At the end of this section students will be able to:
�    Demonstrate and explain the correct procedure for delivering a pitch
�    Demonstrate the appropriate grip and stance for beginner use
�    Explain the basic mechanics of the slow pitch
Materials: 15 bats, 6 tee balls, 6 11 or 12 inch softballs, 2 batting helmets
Safety implications: Keep your head up, balls are hard and fast
Number of students: 30
Teaching style: Inclusive

Activity       Variations       Safety Implications   Time Goals Objectives Organization
Warm up: under hand throw. Starting close together players toss the ball back and forth moving back 1 step with each successful catch Advanced players may be encouraged to attempt a slow windmill toss Be careful ball doesn�t get out of control especially with the windmill. Keep speed at a minimum. Ensure enough space between groups.  5 min To warm up the
shoulder and upper body.  Arrange students into groups of 2. Each player with a glove and a ball between 2
Demonstration of the skill. Keep it simple slow pitch.  Have demo in front of the class where everyone can see but nobody will be hit by the ball 3 min Look for arc, stance, grip, follow through, arm hip coordination, release, spin  Use yourself or an
advanced student with good form.
Activity 1 Target practice hoops. Students attempt to pitch into hoops using proper form Distance may vary from hoop.  Use one ball per group. Use lots of space.  5 min Using proper form get the ball in or near the hoop. Focus on technique first not on  accuracy. Divide class into 10 groups of 3. Space them throughout the field. One ball for each group. Throw and retrieve. Have group members view form of each other.
Activity 2 pitch and chase. Players pitch to 1st base then 2nd and so on. A successful pitch means that you can proceed to
that base and attempt to pitch to the next. To advance the pitch must land on the base/hoop with bouncing or rolling.   10min Look for more accuracy. Not rolling or bouncing the ball. Divide the class into 3 groups. 10 advanced players start at the home  plate, the 2 other use a hoop set up simular to the base set up arranged in the out field
Activity 3 Game where student is responsible to pitch to their partner. Partner can give each other feed back. Eg. Your pitch  was too high etc  20 min
Conclusion Use another demonstration to show the proper form.  Have demo in front of the class where everyone can see but nobody will be hit by the ball 2 min Look for arc, stance, grip, follow through, arm hip coordination, release, spin  Using a student that has showed improvement is a good idea as it give positive reinforcement.

              Lesson Plan Softball Topic: Throwing

Objectives: Teach proper form to the overhead throw
Materials: 30 softballs, 2 bats, glove for each, sponge or rubber ball
Safety implications: Make sure field is dry and free of hazards, students are prepared to go
outside,
Number of students: 30
Time: 45 minutes
Teaching style: Practice style

Activity         Variations           Safety Implica.  Time Goals/Objectives   Important Pts
Warm up: Foot ball/handball two teams no running must pass the rubber ball around to get it into other teams end No moving, 2 balls instead of 1, players set up on the field planed by team Use a rubber or sponge ball 5 min Get everyone involved!
Warmup the arm and shoulder Stress teamwork and pass to everybody
Demonstration: Use a demo of over head throw.  May use good student or yourself allow for questions Use enough room
and don�t throw at students 1-3 min Show the proper form of the throw Grip, body position, extension, step, elbow high, release
Activity 1: Using partners have students practice throw from sitting then knees, one knee, stand all while going close to farther
away from partner Use different balls if necessary challenge accuracy and distance Used lots of space, ensure that they can
catch to some degree 8-10 min Incorporate all parts of the throw. From sitting to standing they should realize the importance
of the whole body Grip, body position, extension, step, elbow high, release, accuracy and maybe distance for advanced students
Activity 2: Distance throwing split class into 2 groups each start at home plate and throw to right or left field  May use areas as
points eg 1st base 1 pt, mid field 2pts, warning track 3pts, and over the fence 4 pts. Stand behind thrower.  Collect the balls when everyone has finished 10 min Give feedback on students progress point out strong points and areas of improvement Grip, body position, extension, step, elbow high, release, accuracy and  distance
Game  Heads up be ready 15 min Incorporate the skills taught over the unit and develop new ones Give feedback when ever
possible, encourage and promote success
Conclusion review the key points of the throw. May use a demo again Ask students to help clean up   1-3 min Review today�s lesson and tie it in with others of the unit Grip, body position, extension, step, elbow high, release, accuracy and  distance & fun

             Lesson Plan Softball Topic: Hitting

Objective: Teach proper form for the bat swing in softball
Materials: 15 bats, 6 tee balls, 6 11 or 12 inch softballs, 2 batting helmets
Safety implications: Keep your head up, balls are hard and fast
Number of students: 30
Time: 45 minutes
Teaching style: Inclusive

Activity  Variations       Safety Implications   Time  Goals Objectives Organization
Warm up: tug-o-war in groups of 2 or 3 and have the students draw a circle and attempt to pull opponent out of the circle not a competition don�t tug hard on each other or the bat don�t release the bat as a joke 2-3 min warm up upper body use groups of 2 if possible use groups of simular size and weight you pick the groups by numbers or person to the left so on get everyone
involved the same
Demonstration: of good swing explain key points use good student if available use a wiffle ball targeted away from class 2-3
min stance, grip, body turn, eye on ball, use a positive demonstration
Activity 1: Wiffle ball partners in groups of 2 have students find an area to bat the ball from a pitcher toss ball to self, pitcher throw ball, ground hits, air balls, chock up or down, see what works for you have enough space, use the entire field  5 min stance, grip, body turn, eye on ball, may use same partners as before
Activity 2: Hit to cage Use real softball, throw ball to self space student far apart, may use field, look for hole in cage 5 min connect with a real ball using appropriate motions, fluid swing using proper parts use groups again and have partner(s) critique
Activity3: Pepper game, player rotate positions as fielders catch three balls use a pitcher, batter, two fielders type and speed of ball, once again space 10 min use the acquired swing to hit a slow pitch combine two groups of two, may use skilled with
less skilled and promote peer teaching
Game to conclude  depending on facility may have more than one game being played  keep head up, use the batting helmet, 15
min incorporate the skills of softball that are being taught over the unit combine the groups of four into two equal teams
Conclusion give feedback, recall demonstrations show points of improvement  2 min what skills have we covered? Keys points of today�s skill?  everyone together